©The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey - TAY Project





Cafer Hyk



Ages Maps Photos
Neolithic
EBA

14C


maps Cafer Hyk

Type:
Mound
Altitude:
675 m
Diameter:
m- Direction:

Region:
Eastern Anatolia
Province:
Malatya
District:
Battalgazi
Village:
Cafer

Destruction :
Dams

TAYEx:
Not visited - 15/8/2003

Registration State:
For detailed registration information please refer to Turkish pages.
     


Location: This site lies approximately 40 km northeast of the city of Malatya; close to the village of Cafer. It was possible to reach this site; which has since been flooded by the Karakaya Dam Lake; via the side road heading to the village of Cafer from the Malatya-Elazig highway.
Geography and Environment: The mound was a conical; 150x28 m; broad mound extending east-west which lay where the Degirmentepe Stream tributary emptied into the Euphrates. The cultural depositional layer was 3 m thick. The eastern side of the mound faced the seasonal Degirmentepe Stream and sloped gradually while the other three sides of the mound were steep. Irrigation channels and terraces built for agriculture could be found on these three steep sides. Especially the western and northern terraces yielded many finds. It is assumed that the original mound was larger in size and that it was leveled for agricultural fields. The excavations in Trench 4 on the western terrace; which were led by Cauvin; lacked architectural remains. Clay-like brown virgin soil was reached; surprisingly only 40 cm from the surface. The artifacts recovered from this trench were out of context finds which may have been moved as a result of the terracing activities. The exposed sections along the pits dug by villagers for soil to make mudbricks were cleaned and a decipherment of a stratigraphic sequence was attempted.
Destruction Details: The mound is flooded by dam reservoir [TAYEx 15.8.2003].


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